Scott, Len, Macmillan, Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis (London: Palgrave, 1999), p. 1 Vaïsse, Maurice (ed. 46 Junior Chair of Excellence in Security Studies, Sciences Po. Richard Rhodes, ‘Absolute power’, New York Times Sunday Book Review (21 March 2014). This data will be updated every 24 hours. ‘Interview with André Beaufre and Gilles Martinet, “La guerre atomique est-elle possible?”’, in Jean Offredo (ed. "openAccess": "0", 1982]), pp. 112 Hazareesingh, Le mythe gaullien, p. 119. 42 2020. Gibson, David, Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012).Google Scholar Exceptions and early calls for going beyond the first two waves are It is a domain having com extension. Stern, Sheldon, The Cuban Missile Crisis in American Memory: Myths and Realities (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2012)Google Scholar; On the 24th, the editorial in Le Monde questions the validity of American evidence, but two days later, after Sherman Kent came to show some photographs to the journalists, another piece was published to confirm the validity of this information. Stern, The Cuban Missile Crisis in American Memory. 119 37 Sagan, Scott, The Limits of Safety: Organizations, Accidents and Nuclear Weapons (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993), pp. 303ff 3–8. 522 p., ref. (book manuscript under review)Google Scholar. CrossRefGoogle Scholar. 241–2. Pelopidas, Benoît, ‘The oracles of proliferation’, Nonproliferation Review, 18:1 (2011), pp. 6 All rights reserved. As no active threats were reported recently by users, dominiqueandjameswalton.com is SAFE to browse. Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. Mauriac, François, D’un bloc-notes à l’autre: 1952–1969 (Paris: Bartillat, 2004)Google Scholar and Ledwidge, Bernard, De Gaulle (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1982), p. 273 The book won the 2015 Fruili Storia award. Finney, Patrick, ‘The ubiquitous presence of the past? Google Scholar, emphasis added. 120 6 27-41. (The difference of hours in America and England is the cause).’ p. 513. Google Scholar and 321–2. He then opens his account of the following day as ‘the first day of the World Crisis!’ (p. 508) On 24 October, he continues: ‘an anxious day [too]. It finally outlines a research agenda to take luck seriously in security studies. 3 : ref. Google Scholar. Labbé, Marie Hélène, Le Risque Nucléaire (Paris: Presses de Sciences Po, 2003)Google Scholar, p. 21, my translation. Google Scholar. The first wave focused on the US and a second one including a Soviet and Cuban perspective. 118–156 The only writing by Sartre I found that related to issues of nuclear security was also published a year before the Crisis, at the time of the Bay of Pigs. 86 See Pelopidas, ‘Remembering the Cuban Missile Crisis, with Humility’, European Leadership Network, 11 November 2014 and Pelopidas, Global Nuclear Vulnerability (under review). 73 Jacques Villain, Le livre noir du nucléaire militaire (Paris: Fayard, 2014), pp. Correspondence to: Benoît Pelopidas, Junior Chair of Excellence in Security Studies, CERI / Sciences Po, 56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris, France. Google Scholar. This might have happened had he thought there was a serious risk of nuclear war. Sauer, Frank, Atomic Anxiety: Deterrence, Taboo and the Non-Use of U.S. Nuclear Weapons (London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2015). Mauriac’s Bloc note for the year 1962 does not mention the Crisis. Laffer, Melvyn, ‘What do we “now know” ?’, The American History Review, 104:2 (1999), p. 501 59 For UK examples, see Schlosser, Command and Control, p. 262. 4 In the documentation he kept, one finds an article from Le Monde of 20 February 1960 with an insert on p. 2, with the title ‘Eviter une guerre declenchée par erreur de calcul’. (Touze, Missiles et décisions pp. pub. Collective memory and international history’, The International History Review, 36:3 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar. Archives of the Presidency of the French Republic, Peyrefitte sur Seine, France, 5AG1/1322-1358. Google Scholar. Luckily, Dr Jacobson, who gave amphetamines to the president, stopped visiting the White House before the Cuban Missile Crisis, according to Rose McDermott and based on George Buckley record of the injections the President received in 1962–3. Un libro electrónico, [1] libro digital o ciberlibro, conocido en inglés como e-book o eBook, es la publicación electrónica o digital de un libro.Es importante diferenciar el libro electrónico o digital de uno de los dispositivos más popularizados para su lectura: el lector de libros electrónicos, o e-reader, en su versión inglesa. 127 Gavin, Francis J., ‘What if? I am aware of the literature suggesting that Kennedy’s treatment did not affect his judgement; see Google Scholar. In his ‘elements pour une théorie de la crise’, he fully acknowledges contingency and improvisations in crisis management, warns against the dangers of systematisation and notes how issues of accidents are left aside but ends up inviting continuous progress towards a ‘science’ that has to be possible. 89 13 Focused on applying a diverse background in public affairs consulting, he both manages and assists in projects to create social, environmental, and political change. Trachtenberg, Marc, ‘Strategic thinking in America 1952–1966’, Political Science Quarterly, 104:2 (1989), p. 311 ; Maurice Vaïsse, ‘Une hirondelle ne fait pas le printemps’, in Vaïsse (ed. Scott, Len and Smith, Steve, ‘Lessons of October: Historians, political scientists, policy-makers and the Cuban Missile Crisis’, International Affairs, 70:4 (1994), p. 683 Therefore, the silence of the available correspondence can plausibly confirm my argument. Chillaud, Matthieu, ‘IR in France: State and costs of a disciplinary variety’, Review of International Studies, 40:4 (2014), p. 809 Any other Brand Information used from us are the properties of their respective owners. "crossMark": true, 97 Weldes, Jutta and Laffey, Mark, ‘Decolonizing the Cuban Missile Crisis’, International Studies Quarterly, 52:3 (2008)Google Scholar. CrossRefGoogle Scholar, 174. . A Once and Future Greatness: Raymond Aron, Charles de Gaulle andthe Politics of Grandeur. ), Global Nuclear Vulnerability: 1962 as the Inaugural Crisis? Feature Flags: { Etienne Burin des Roziers, Retour aux sources: 1962, l’année décisive (Paris: Plon, 1986), p. 136. Craig, Campbell, ‘Testing Organisation Man: the Cuban Missile Crisis and The Limits of Safety for this article. Author’s email: Benoit.pelopidas@sciencespo.fr/benoit.pelopidas@princeton.edu. The opinions expressed in this report are those of the authors alone, and do not necessarily represent the views of our funders. McDermott, Rose, Presidential Leadership, Illness and Decision Making (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), pp. Google Scholar. In the same journal, Colonel de Saint Germain wrote: ‘the nuclear phase can only be an accident, or a series of accidents, to be avoided all the more as they are more serious, more definitive. Also p. 146. Knopf, Jeffrey W., ‘The concept of nuclear learning’, Nonproliferation Review, 19:1 (2012), p. 81 "relatedCommentaries": true, 111 ), L’Europe et la crise des missiles de Cuba, p. 172. This is interesting given that the most complete study in French makes the exact opposite assumption. 124 Pioneering work here would include Box 2030 Bentonville, AR 72712 479-464-1570 phone 479-464-1580 fax. However, publications around the 50th anniversary of the Crisis show that the ‘first wave’ remains hegemonic. 131 Google Scholar. 40 Dixit, Avinash, Skeath, Susan, and Reiley, David, Games of Strategy (New York: W. W. Norton, 2015), ch. 173ff and ‘The book that leaves nothing to chance’, unpublished manuscript. He wanted to move beyond the ‘narrow horizons’ of diplomatic history, from the relations between diplomats to the relations between peoples. TEACH-NOW Graduate School of Education, based in Washington DC, offers online programs for teacher certification and Master's of Education degrees. Based on the memories of his son, Gallois never seems to have mentioned the Cuban missile crisis in conversations with his family. James Walton is a philanthropist, policy advocate and conservationist. and Strategies and Beliefs in Britain, France and the FRG (London: Palgrave, 1998), p. 75 123 * Views captured on Cambridge Core between 30th May 2017 - 8th December 2020. Google Scholar, my translation. 42 persons, including Cleve Peter Osborne and Kisha Smallwood, lived here in the past. 213–236 Paul Nitze considered the Berlin crisis as even more dangerous and Ray S. Cline is one of those in the US who maintains that the danger of the Cuban missile crisis was overestimated and, overall, quite minimal. 7–8. Munton, Don, ‘Hits and myths: the essence, the puzzles and the Missile Crisis’, International Relations, 26:3 (2012), p. 305 52 On the self-serving dimensions of the memories of all Excomm members, see Stern, The Cuban Missile Crisis in American Memory. 93 Le Guelte, Georges, Les armes nucléaires, mythes et réalités (Arles: Actes Sud, 2009), pp. As a consequence, the speech of US Secretary of Defense McNamara on the shift to flexible response has more impact on the French conversation than the Crisis. Her biographers Claude Francis and Fernande Gontier mention her visits to Havana with Sartre and comment on her impressions on Castro but do not make any mention of the missile crisis. CrossRefGoogle Scholar. 68 61 Acheson, Dean, ‘Dean Acheson’s version of Robert Kennedy’s version of the Cuban missile affair’, Esquire (February 1969), p. 76 21 Pelopidas, Benoît, ‘Nuclear weapons scholarship as a case of self-censorship in security studies’, Journal of Global Security Studies, 1:4 (2016), pp. and introduction Peter Catterall (Basingbroke: MacMillan, 2003), p. 508 Claude Delmas, ‘Reflexions sur la guerre’, writes that: ‘the strategy of deterrence includes risks, because of the possibilities of misunderstandings, of the obsessive fear of surprise attack (an atomic “Pearl Harbour”) and mutual difficulties of appreciation of intentions; finally deterrence is hard to stabilize due to the arms race (more qualitative than quantitative).’ See Revue de Defense Nationale (July 1962), p. 1186, my translation. Google Scholar. Touze, Missiles et décisions, p. 631, my translation. However, these findings are contradicted by some of Kennedy’s own commentary and his brother’s (see McDermott, Presidential Leadership). McKenzie, Donald, ‘Computer-related accidental death: an empirical exploration’, Science and Public Policy, 24:1 (1994), p. 246 9780557730926 0557730929 Platoon, Dale A Dye 9781436753593 1436753597 A Survivor's Recollections Of The Whitman Massacre (1920), Matilda J Sager Delaney 9781901538502 1901538508 Pelt, Nicholas Johnson 9780793580101 0793580102 Acoustic Rock Guitar Soloing 9780829748642 0829748644 Las 10 Plagas de la Cybergeneracion, Ale Gomez 9780836874396 0836874390 La … 41 171–2. 96 Badalassi, Nicolas, Pour Quelques Missiles de Plus (Sarrebruck: éditions européennes, 2011), p. 140 Martin, Susan, ‘The continuing value of nuclear weapons: a structural realist analysis’, Contemporary Security Policy, 34:1 (2013), pp. 61–70; Malis, Pierre Marie Gallois, p. 471; correspondence with army general Claude Le Borgne, 14 December 2013. 47 ; Svetlana Savranskaya and Thomas Blanton, with Anna Melyakova (eds), ‘New Evidence on Tactical Nuclear Weapons – 59 Days in Cuba’, National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book (11 December 2013), available at: {http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB449/} accessed 23 May 2016. For an early formulation of protean power, see Katzenstein’s ‘Civilizations, Anglo-America and Balances of Practice and Power’, available at: {http://cadmus.eui.eu/bitstream/handle/1814/38386/MWP_LS_2016_01.pdf?sequence=1}. Sorrenti, Deborah, L’Italia nella Guerra fredda: La storia dei missili Jupiter 1957–1963 (Roma: Edizioni Associate, 2003), pp. Google Scholar. La vérité scientifique se détache de la conscience qui l'a élaborée puisque, à un certain degré d'approximation, elle vaut éternellement. Kahneman, Daniel describes how heuristic biases lead us to overconfidence as denial of the role of luck in Thinking Fast and Slow (New York: Penguin, 2011), part III 55 100 was developing between US and USSR, over Cuba’. Google Scholar. Google Scholar and Google Scholar. Le Guelte, Georges, Histoire de la menace nucléaire (Paris: Hatier, 1997), pp. Schlosser, Command and Control, p. 261, based on interviews with weapon designer Harold Agnew. Topcu, Sezin, ‘Atome, gloire et désenchantement: résister à la France atomique avant 1968’, in Céline Plessis, Sezin Topcu, and Christophe Bonneuil (eds), Une autre histoire des ‘trente glorieuses’: Modernisation, contestations et pollutions dans la France d’après-guerre (Paris: La découverte, 2013), p. 198 87 dominiqueandjameswalton.com is 2 years 5 months old. 121 Kahneman, Thinking Fast and Slow, part III; Porter, ‘Taking uncertainty seriously’; Brian Rathbun, ‘Uncertain about uncertainty: Understanding the multiple meanings of a crucial concept in International Relations theory’, International Studies Quarterly, 51 (2007); Pelopidas, ‘We all lost the Cuban Missile Crisis’ and ‘The book that leaves nothing to chance’; Pelopidas, ‘Nuclear weapons scholarship’; Katzenstein’s notion of protean power as opposed to control power is already doing this with regard to the concept of power, as a result of his efforts at tracing the blurring of uncertainty and risk; see Peter Katzenstein and Stephen Nelson, ‘Uncertainty, risk, and the financial crisis of 2008’, International Organization, 68:2 (2014). In French, the short edited volume by Florian Besson and Jan Synowiecki, Ecrire l’histoire avec des ‘si’ (Paris: editions de l’ENS, 2015); Khong, Yuen Foong, Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992)Google Scholar; His correspondence with fellow writer Jean Paulhan at the time interestingly mentions the OAS – Organisation of the Secret Army or Secret Armed Organization, an armed group opposed to the independence of Algeria – but not the Crisis, in the middle of a theological conversation, suggesting the primacy of domestic politics in French intellectual life at the time. CrossRefGoogle Scholar, my translation. In which Lincoln's Birthday gets its rightful due. 188 Google Scholar; François-L. Ganshof (Paris: Hachette, 1953)Google Scholar. 514–15. and the . 10 1992]), p. 44 et notes dissem. Second, it challenges a widespread assumption of automaticity linking a fear-induced deterrent effect and the presence of nuclear weapons. Mauriac, François and Paulhan, Jean, Correspondance 1925–1967 (Bassac: éditions Claire Paulhan, 2001), p. 345 MacArthur Foundation. Semidei, Manuela, Kennedy et la révolution cubaine: Un apprentissage politique? An exception is Georges-Henri Soutou in his public lecture at the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques (6 June 2011), available at: {http://www.asmp.fr/travaux/communications/2011_06_06_soutou.htm} accessed 16 May 2016. This mostly reflects a fear of conventional war in Europe and a fear centered on Berlin. 100 Neustadt, Richard and May, Ernest R., Thinking in Time: The Uses of History for Decision Makers (New York: Free Press, 1988); Ibid., p. 425, emphasis added, same phrasing, p. 430. Schell, Jonathan, The Abolition (New York: Knopf, 1984)Google Scholar. 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Kennedy, Presidential Leadership, Illness and Decision Making, The Mortal Presidency: Illness and Anguish in the White House, Ailing, Aging, Addicted: Studies in Compromised Leadership, John F. Kennedy: An Unfinished Life 1917–1963, L’Italia nella Guerra fredda: La storia dei missili Jupiter 1957–1963, Pathways to nuclear war between the US and the Soviet Union in October 1962. See info on businesses located on West Champlost Street, Philadelphia, examine issued permits CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Google Scholar, 22 43 CrossRefGoogle Scholar. 2 Something Wicked by Nicole M Rubino Published in America on the 24th November 2019. Google Scholar. Total loading time: 0.377 The limited literature in French on the topic quotes it but does not engage with the argument. 51 Google Scholar. Hershberg, James, ‘The Cuban Missile Crisis’, in Melvyn Leffler and Odd Arne Westad (eds), The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Volume II: Crises and Détente (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), p. 65 Weart, Spencer, The Rise of Nuclear Fear (Harvard: Harvard University Press, 2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar; 126 National mobilisations against the force de frappe did not take place before 1963. See, for example, 24 Lewis, Patricia, Williams, Heather, Pelopidas, Benoît, and Aghlani, Sasan, Too Close for Comfort: Cases of Near Nuclear Use and Options for Policy (London: Chatham House, 2014)Google Scholar and Gordon Barrass, ‘Able Archer 83: What were the Soviets thinking?’, Survival, 58:6 (2016). Park, Bert, Ailing, Aging, Addicted: Studies in Compromised Leadership (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1993); and 1 Thanks to Leopoldo Nuti for directing me to this article. }. Jervis, Robert, Perception and Misperception in International Politics (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976), ch. Black Public Media is committed to a fully realized expression of democracy. Query parameters: { These words are from Ambassador Gabriel Robin. 79 4035 Parrish Street Lawrence W Allen, Sarah Allen and 67 other residents. , ed. "peerReview": true, 96–7, 201. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed and It is a domain having com extension. Joxe, Alain, Socialisme et crise nucléaire (Paris: L’Herne, 1973)Google Scholar; Global Nuclear Vulnerability: 1962 as the Inaugural Crisis? Google Scholar. Google Scholar. 20 83 75 The exact same instructions were there in 2010 and can be found for series L and ES in 2015. Summary: Leon Thomas was born on 08/20/1942 and is 78 years old. This latter point is developed in Pelopidas, ‘Nuclear weapons scholarship’. Frank, Robert, ‘Histoire et théorie des relations internationales’, in Robert Frank (ed. 52–53 pub. Google Scholar. This section does not appear in the English translation of Aron’s memoirs by George Holoch (New York: Holmes & Meier, 1990). One exception would be a textbook reviewed by Gabriel Robin in 1984, which argued that: ‘the crisis seems to bring the world on the brink of World War III’. "clr": false, The . Coleman, David, The Fourteenth Day: JFK and the Aftermath of the Cuban Missile Crisis (New York: W. W. Norton, 2012); and Narang, Vipin, Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014), p. 3 This literature is too abundant to quote here. Google Scholar; Haine, Les Etats-Unis ont-ils besoin d’alliés, p. 216 and Holloway in Pelopidas, Global Nuclear Vulnerability (under review). McDermott, Rose, ‘The politics of presidential medical care: the case of John F. Kennedy’, Politics and Life Sciences, 33:2 (2014), p. 85 67 11 Dobbs, Michael, One Minute to Midnight: Kennedy, Khrushchev, and Castro on the Brink of Nuclear War (New York: Knopf, 2008), pp. ), L’Europe et la crise des missiles de Cuba, p. 89; interview with Maurice Vaïsse, Paris, 27 August 2013. 79–80 ; "metricsAbstractViews": false, Publications in French not taken into account by the existing scholarship on the Crisis in English include: Alain Joxe, ‘La crise de Cuba: entraînement contrôlé vers la dissuasion réciproque’, Stratégie, 1 (summer 1964); © 2020 webs.co.com. FitzGerald, Réachbha, ‘Historians and the Cuban Missile Crisis: the evidence-interpretation relationship as seen through differing interpretations of the Crisis settlement’, Irish Studies in International Affairs, 18 (2007), p. 202 Entretien avec Alain-Gérard Slama à propos du livre d’Edward Luttwak Le Paradoxe de la stratégie’, Le Figaro (30 March 1989), p. 35, my translation. 326–336 1171–1178 Phone interview with Gabriel Robin, 17 July 2014. } Garthoff, Raymond, Reflections on the Cuban Missile Crisis (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1989), p. 62 Clarke, Lee, Worst Cases (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), p. 41 Sagan, The Limits of Safety, p. 154; also p. 155. Quoted in Robin, La crise de Cuba, p. 10, my translation. I regard it as telling that Gallois chose to cut it out of a newspaper and kept it in his records. Right now, Leon Thomas lives in Columbia, MD. Mazarr, Michael, ‘Virtual nuclear arsenals’, Survival, 37:3 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar and Archives of Pierre-Marie Gallois, 30Z 37602/1, Services Historiques de la Défense, Vincennes. Google Scholar, quoting Russell Leng in part. 117 Resources for teachers at technological and general high school, classes of 1ere (11th grade), available at: {http://cache.media.eduscol.education.fr/file/lycee/70/4/LyceeGT_Ressources_Hist_1_05_GuerreFrConflictualites_184704.pdf} my translation. 35 1, pp. Lebovic, James, Deadly Dilemmas: Deterrence in US Nuclear Strategy (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990), p. 193 The Crisis benefits from a longer article than other events including a few titles mentioning the possibility of a war but she notes that the lexicon as well as the iconography are downplaying the danger. CrossRefGoogle Scholar. 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In his case, Kennedy only (p. 639). dominiqueandjameswalton.com is 2 years 2 months old. He serves on the board of directors of the Walton Family Foundation. 107 Strategies and Beliefs in Britain, France and the FRG, The Cuban Missile Crisis in American Memory: Myths and Realities, The Fourteenth Day: JFK and the Aftermath of the Cuban Missile Crisis, Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Cuba: De la révolution à la crise des fusées. Blight, James G. and Welch, David, On the Brink: Americans and Soviets Reexamine the Cuban Missile Crisis (New York: Hill & Wang, 1989), p. 109 12 130 CrossRefGoogle Scholar; also Campbell Craig, ‘Reform or revolution: Scott Sagan’s Limits of Safety and its contemporary implications’, in Scott and Hughes, The Cuban Missile Crisis, p. 104. PHP Wrapper for the Flickr API. The latest assessment of the possibility of nuclear use during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Google Scholar. 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Dr Eugene Cohen, Kennedy’s long-term endocrinologist, warned JFK against the dubious practices of one of his doctors, Dr Jacobson, nicknamed Dr Feelgood, who would in 1975 be denied his authorisation to practice medicine, as early as November 1961. 862–8. Therefore, he sent a cable to Khrushchev asking for a Soviet nuclear strike if the United States attacked Cuba. 16 Welcome to Bradford Academy where power and elite are bred, wealthy bloodlines bond, and a risky game of Dare can make or break your family legacy. PERSPECTIVISM AND HISTORICAL OBJECTIVITY 133 the extent to which Merleau-Ponty directly confronted Aron's early writings - indeed, shaped his own thoughts on the philosophy of … Sudhir Hazareesingh had already noted that major events like May 1968 had generated a surprisingly small amount of correspondence from the French population. 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