[16], The Alawites are the second largest religious group in Syria, after the Sunni Muslims. [84] Apparently, the cultural influence of Arab expansion in the Eastern Mediterranean in the seventh century was more prominent than the genetic influx. [85] However, the expansion of Islam did leave an impact on Levantine genes; religion drove Levantine Muslims to mix with other Muslim populations, who were close culturally despite the geographic distance, and this produced genetic similarities between Levantine Muslims and Moroccan and Yemeni populations. Syrians, Lebanese and Other Arab Americans Arab immigrants from the Eastern Mediterranean—mainly those from what is now Syria and Lebanon—began settling in the Boston area in the 1880s. Young people took to the streets in Syria’s southern city, Daraa, in March 2011, seeking government reforms. Syrian Arabs are people identifying as Arab from the Levantine nation of Syria in the Middle East. Answer 2 Yes. Sanctions have so far failed to change the Syrian regime behaviour, and despite their stated objectives of minimizing harm to the population, indicators show that sanctions are hitting ordinary Syrians the hardest. You can sign in to vote the answer. Several large Sufi orders are active in the country, including the Naqshbandi and Qadiriyya. I would like to complement your statement that the Iranians are not Arab and add that neither are the Moroccans/Tunisians / Chadians/Sudanese/ Egyptians/Syrians/ Lebanese or any other country for that matter other than Saudi Arabia and those genetically connected to that people. [31], In his book The Great Roman-Jewish War, Josephus, a Hebrew native to the Levant, mentioned the Syrians as the non-Hebrew, non-Greek indigenous inhabitants of Syria.[32]. Western Neo-Aramaic, the only surviving Western Aramaic language, is still spoken in three villages (Ma'loula, Al-Sarkha (Bakhah) and Jubb'adin) in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains by both Muslim and Christian residents. [13], In northern Syria there are some Kurdish and Turkmen Alevi. Print; Share; Until just a few years ago, Turkey’s political leaders were proud to call Istanbul the new “Arab capital” because it became the most favored destination of residence for many disappointed citizens of the Arab world. Contemporary adherents of the Quranist point of view in Syria include Muhammad Shahrur.[7]. Syrians (Arabic: سوريون‎, Sūriyyūn), also known as the Syrian people (Arabic: الشعب السوري‎, ALA-LC: al-sha‘ab al-Sūrī; Syriac: ܣܘܪܝܝܢ‎), are the majority inhabitants of Syria and share common Levantine Semitic roots. Lover. [66][74] The Syrians are closest to other Levantine populations: the Palestinians, Lebanese and Jordanians;[75] this closeness can be explained with the common Canaanite ancestry and geographical unity which was broken only in the twentieth century with the advent of British and French mandates. [52], The Abbasids in the eighth and ninth century sought to integrate the peoples under their authority, and the Arabization of the administration was one of the tools. [18] Similarly, Dr Henry Munson said that Sunni Muslim Turkmen formed 3% of the population in 1988,[19] as did Professor Alasdair Drysdale and Professor Raymond Hinnebusch in 1991. The last Islamic empires in Syria were centered firstly in Iran, namely the Seljuks (Sunni rulers of Turkic origin), and finally the Ottomans (Sunni rulers of Turkish origin) who were centered in the Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul), which straddles both Europe and Asia (i.e. The national and ethnic designation "Syrian" is one that has been reused, accepted and espoused by the Syrian people since the advent of modern nationalism, which emanated from Europe and began with the culmination of the Napoleonic Wars of the early 1800s. Damascus was suspended from the alliance in 2011 following the Syrian regime’s violent crackdown on countrywide protests. [16] There is also a small minority of Yazidis (est. UNA BITÁCORA DE LATINOAMÉRICA EN SIRIA, LÍBANO, JORDANIA Y PALESTINA", https://www.faz.net/aktuell/politik/ausland/fluechtlinge-aus-syrien-die-tragoedie-des-21-jahrhunderts-16661310.html, "SThe UAE is going to start taking in Syrian refugees", http://www.statistikdatabasen.scb.se/pxweb/sv/ssd/START__BE__BE0101__BE0101E/FodelselandArK/table/tableViewLayout1/, "SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES 2016 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates", "Kuwait extends residency permits for Syrians", https://opendata.cbs.nl/statline/#/CBS/nl/dataset/37325/table?fromstatweb, "2016 Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Canada, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data: Data tables", "Population of Qatar by nationality - 2019 report", "Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn seit 2002 nach detaillierter Staatsangehörigkeit", "POPULATION AT THE FIRST DAY OF THE QUARTER BY REGION, SEX, AGE (5 YEARS AGE GROUPS), ANCESTRY AND COUNTRY OF ORIGIN", "Like India, Syria has a large diaspora (With stories on Syrian president's visit)", "The Caribbean History Archives: Syrian-Lebanese community", "Jews in Damascus Restore Synagogues as Syria Tries to Foster Secular Image", "IEEE RAS Distinguished Service Award - IEEE Robotics and Automation Society", "صحيفة تشرين • عازف الناي السوري محمد فتيان يتألق في تظاهرة "بارعون شبان" بتونس", "Arabs, Arabias and Arabic before Late Antiquity", "Garshuni Manuscripts and Garshuni Notes in Syriac Manuscripts", "Syria. Moreover, the Syrian Shia Twelvers have close links to the Shia Twelvers in Lebanon. There are also some Kurdish and Turkmen Alevi in northern Syria. Syrian Arab News Agency S A N A. Most of the divisions in ethnic nomenclature are actually due to religious backgrounds. [41] The urheimat of the Arab ethnos is unclear; the traditional 19th century theory locates this in the Arabian Peninsula,[42] while some modern scholars, such as David Frank Graf, note that the epigraphic and archaeological evidence render the traditional theory inadequate to explain the Arabs' appearance in Syria. A typical Syrian breakfast is a meze. Arab Spring: In 2011, successful uprisings – that became known as the Arab Spring – toppled Tunisia‘s and Egypt‘s presidents. [70] The Levantine ancestral component is the most recurrent in Levantines (42–68%); the Arabian Peninsula/East African ancestral components represent around 25% of Syrian genetic make-up. Many Armenian and Assyrian Christians fled Turkey during the Armenian Genocide and the Assyrian genocide and settled in Syria. BEIRUT: When the Arab revolts that were sweeping the region and toppling autocrats like dominoes reached Syria, Bashar al-Assad's days at the helm looked numbered. 'the country of Sham'). [22], Forming the smallest of the Islamic sects in Syria at 2%,[6] the Twelver Shia play only a minor role in Syrian politics. Syrians emerged from various origins; the main influence came from ancient Semitic peoples, populations from Arabia and Mesopotamia, while Greco-Roman influence is marginal. The participants in the Syrian Tribes Gathering affirmed their adherence to the unity of the Syrian lands, their stand behind the leadership of President Bashar al-Assad, their rejection of the Turkish and American occupations, and their support for the Syrian Arab Army until the liberation of every inch of the occupied Syrian land. Syrian Muslims Syria is an ancient country boasting one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world, Damascus, as its capital. The rest of the community mainly live in the Quneitra Governorate, the Rif Dimashq Governorate, and the Idlib Governorate. Arabs online thank Abu Ivanka, or President Donald Trump - for the US strike against Syria - and Americans fearful of conscription into a huge war tweet #AmericaIsOverParty. The Seleucids ruled the Syrians as a conquered nation; Syrians were not assimilated into Greek communities, and many local peasants were exploited financial… Source(s): https://shrinke.im/a9N8S. However, Ahl al-Qur'an adherents precede these 19th century developments in the form of Mu'tazilites such as Ibrahim al-Nazzam, who lived for some period in these environs. 3 1. Syrian cuisine is dominated by ingredients native to the region. In short, Syrians and Egyptians are nearly identical in … Are Syrians Arabs. Turkey’s Nativist Turn against Syrian Refugees and Other Arabs July 23, 2019. Syrians emerged from various origins; the main influence came from ancient Semitic peoples, populations from Arabia and Mesopotamia, while Greco-Roman influence is marginal. [71][72], The paternal Y-DNA haplogroup J1, which reaches its highest frequencies in Yemen 72.6% and Qatar 58.3%, accounted for 33.6% of Syrians. [25] Even though the faith originally developed out of Ismaili Islam, most Druze do not identify as Muslims,[26][27][28][29][30] and they do not accept the five pillars of Islam. Although the majority of Sunni Syrians are considered "Arabs", this is a term based on spoken language (Arabic), not ethnicity. Throughout Syria's Islamic history, the region was a province of many Islamic empires, formed of various ethnic and Islamic sects. Home; Syria and the World. Conservative and liberally minded people will live right next to each other. [15] Mid-2018 estimates have placed the Kurds higher, at 10.6%. [33] Ancient Syria of the first millennium BC was dominated by the Aramaeans;[34] they originated in the Northern Levant as a continuum of the Bronze Age populations of Syria. Courtesy of Dr. Hani Bawardi, author of “The Making of Arab Americans.” Other members of the Levantine community were not so wedded to the idea of a separate Lebanon or one that abandoned its Arab heritage. This gave hope to Syrian pro-democracy activists. Yet, these pre-Islamic Arabs once had an empire that extended north to Palmyra, east to the Euphrates, and south to the heart of western Saudi Arabia. On September 9, Arab league countries, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Jordan came together under the leadership of Egypt to create a "solidarity" between them, confronting Turkey in the Middle East, particularly in northern Syria. This is a funny question because some Lebanese will keep saying we are not Arabs we are not Arabs, then what are you, you might ask? [25] In Venezuela alone there are approximately half a million Druze of Syrian origin. Arab immigrants from modern-day Syria and Lebanon, who were considered Asian, successfully fought to be classified as white and thus eligible for citizenship. Syrians in Lebanon: 'They treat us like we are dirty' Lebanon is home to some 1.5 million Syrian refugees, who get blamed for dragging the economy down. The majority are formed of indigenous Syrian but there is also a significant number of Sunni Kurds, Turkmen/Turkoman, and Circassians, as well as refugees who have arrived in the country, such as Iraqis and Palestinians. The majority are formed of indigenous Syrian but there is also a significant number of Sunni Kurds, Turkmen/Turkoman, and Circassians, as well as refugees who have arrived in the country, such as Iraqis and Palestinians. 6 years ago . [3], The Alawites mainly live in the Syrian Coastal Mountain Range, particularly in the countryside of the Latakia Governorate and the Tartus Governorate on the western side of the mountains, and in the countryside of the Homs Governorate and Hama Governorate on their eastern side. [23] Six million refugees of the Syrian Civil War also live outside Syria now, mostly in Turkey. “The inadequate language skills among Syrians reflects the lack of a national strategy to nurture coexistence between Syrians and Turks,” he told Arab News. Ohh we are mix of many civilizations bla bla Phoenicians, Canaanites ok but which one are you though?? After successful uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt, it also gave hope to Syrian pro-democracy activists. [31], There are many Syrian Druze also living abroad, particularly in Latin America, who have been living there for over the past hundred years. [69] A Levantine ancestral genetic component was identified; it is estimated that the Levantine and the Arabian Peninsula/East African ancestral components diverged 23,700-15,500 years ago, while the divergence between the Levantine and European components happened 15,900-9,100 years ago. [32], There is also a Quraniyoon or Quranist community within Syria, whose early documentation began forming in the 19th century and followed the teachings set forth by the Indian theologian Seyyid Ahmed Khan Hindi and then spread to Syria soon afterwards via intermediary pilgrims. Western media began popularizing the term “Arab Spring”. As in other areas conquered by the Arabs, the spread of Islam was also accompanied with the spread of Arab culture, which culminated in the Arabization of the Levant and the replacement of Aramaic with Arabic.[10]. Levantine Arabs(Lebanese, Syrian, Palestinian and Jordanian) are not 'Arabs' instead they are descendants of Phoenicians, Canaanites etc who were very closely related to Jews and they look Jewish. [73] The J2 group accounted for 20.8% of Syrians; other Y-DNA haplogroups include the E1B1B 12.0%, I 5.0%, R1a 10.0% and R1b 15.0%. [15] Mid-2018 estimates accounting for deaths and emigration due to the Syrian Civil War placed Arab Sunnis far lower, at 50%. In religious affairs, they look to Shia centers in Iraq, especially Karbala and Najaf, and to Iran. [5] Christians, the main non-Muslim group in the country, comprise 10%. They form the second-largest predominantly Muslim immigrant group in Germany after the large German–Turkish community. [67] Modern Syrians exhibit "high affinity to the Levant" based on studies comparing modern and ancient DNA samples. Khatibzadeh: Iran stands by Syria in its war against terrorism 7 December، 2020. "Middle East :: Syria — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", https://mobil.derstandard.at/2000076385176/Angriff-auf-Afrin-Vertreibung-vom-Berg-der-Kurden, https://odatv.com/tek-suclari-alevi-olmak...-0109131200_m.html, "Report: Hizbullah Training Shiite Syrians to Defend Villages against Rebels", "Are the Druze People Arabs or Muslims? In 2018, the Syrian Arab Republic had an estimated population of 19.5 million, which includes, aside from the aforementioned majority, ethnic minorities such as Kurds, Armenians, Assyrians and others. Syria's army, officially known as the Syrian Arab Army (SAA), is loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and is fighting to restore the president's rule over the entire country. I'm a non-Arab Syrian, and conversely to you, I have dark skin and black hair. [54] Those who remained Christian also became arabized;[53] it was probably during the Abbasid period in the ninth century that Christians adopted Arabic as their first language; the first translation of the gospels into Arabic took place in this century. Religious differences in Syria have historically been tolerated,[88][89] and religious minorities tend to retain distinct cultural, and religious identities. On 23 August 1962, the government conducted a special population census only for the province of Jazira, which was predominantly Kurdish. For example, a more recent estimate suggested that Sunni Circassians formed 1.5% of Syria's population. Syrian Arab News Agency S A N A. Syriac-Assyrians in the northeast of the country are mainly Surayt/Turoyo speakers but there are also some speakers of Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, especially in the Khabour Valley. Outside Greek colonies, the Syrians lived in districts governed by local temples that did not use the Greek civic system of poleis and colonies. The traditional theory does not explain the early presence of the Arabs in the Levant as it lacks the evidence for when and how they allegedly arrived from Arabia. [13], In 1991 Professor Alasdair Drysdale and Professor Raymond Hinnebusch said that Alawites formed approximately 11.5% of the country's population. The Syria Trap: How Erdogan Made New Enemies and Enraged the Arab Community. Overwhelmingly Christian, these Arab newcomers left an ailing silk industry and a declining agricultural sector as well as a growing burden of taxation and conscription under the Ottoman Empire. However, after their kingdom was overwhelmed by the Romans, they were almost lost in history. Anatolia). The ethnic designation "Syrian" is derived from the word "Assyrian" and appeared in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. The Ismailis are an even smaller sect that originated in Asia. Mikdad starts an official visit to Iran to hold talks on enhancing bilateral relations 6 December، 2020. The Sunnis are mainly of the Shafi'i madhhab with pockets of Hanafi and Hanbali. [14] In recent decades, the population of other religious minorities (particularly Christians and Jews) has decreased, therefore, estimates on the proportion of Sunni Circassians has increased. Some argue that the Çineköy inscription supports this theory. Syria is a country with a predominantly Muslim population, 12% of Syrians are Alawite Shia and 74% Arab Sunni. [13] Hafez al-Assad and his son, President Bashar al-Assad, belong to the Alawite sect. The Sunni Muslims make up the majority of Muslims in the country (60% of Syria's total population[2]). [15] These Muslim sects also include diverse ethnic groups, which included: the Arabs, Kurds, Turkmen, and other smaller communities. For other uses, see. Some Muslim minorities in Syria have been Arabized to some degree, particularly the smaller ethnic groups (such as the Albanians, Bosnians, Cretan Muslims, Pashtuns, Persians, etc. [56] By the thirteenth century, Arabic language achieved dominance in the region and its speakers became Arabs.[49]. Ancient Syria of the first millennium BC was dominated by the Aramaeans; they originated in the Northern Levant as a continuum of the Bronze Agepopulations of Syria. The conquest led to the establishment of the Caliphate under successive Arab dynasties, who, during the period of the Abbasid Caliphate, promoted the use of the Arabic language. For example, Dr. Pierre Beckouche has said that before 2011 the Sunni Muslim Kurds formed 9-10% of the country's population. When the Arab revolts that were sweeping the region and toppling autocrats like dominoes reached Syria, Bashar al-Assad's days at the helm looked numbered. [6] The split from the greater branch occurred over the recognition of the Seventh Imam. As hundreds of Iranian tourists began to visit Damascus each week, the Shia shrine of the tomb of Sayyida Zaynab, granddaughter of Muhammad, located in Al-Ghutah outside Damascus, became a major pilgrimage destination, replacing those areas no longer accessible in Iraq. [15], However, the Sunni Turkmen population is believed to be considerably higher if Arabized Turkmen are also taken into consideration (i.e. [39] What antiquity's writers meant by the designation "Arab" is debated; the historian Michael Macdonald suggested that the term is an ethnic designation based on an "ill-defined complex of linguistic and cultural characteristics",[40] while according to academic consensus, "Arab", in addition to it being an ethnic name, had a social meaning describing a nomadic way of life. From 969 to 1171, an Ismaili dynasty, the Fatimids, ruled as caliphs in Egypt. The caliph appointed Sayyid Zayn al'Abidin Waliullah Shah and Jalal al-Din Shams to be sent for missionary work in Damascus. [9] In the mid-7th century, the Umayyad dynasty, then rulers of the empire, placed the capital of the empire in Damascus. It is an assortment platter of foods with cheeses, pickles, olives, and spreads. The number of Syrians in Germany is estimated at around 600,000 people in December 2016 and consists mainly of refugees of the Syrian Civil War. Another popular drink, especially with Christians and non-practicing Muslims, is the arak, a liquor produced from grapes or dates and flavored with anise that can have an alcohol content of over 90% ABV (however, most commercial Syrian arak brands are about 40-60% ABV). As a result, around 120,000 Kurds in Jazira (20% of Syrian Kurds) were stripped of their Syrian citizenship even though they were in possession of Syrian identity cards. The only real Arabs are those from theArabian Peninsula. Non-Arab Syrian Christians include Assyrians (mainly in the northeast), Syriac-Arameans, Greeks and Armenians. Syria's current President, Bashar al-Assad, is an Alawi Shia. [30][better source needed] Posidonius noted that the people called Syrians by the Greeks refer to themselves as Arameans. All the largest cities and thirteen out of the fourteen governorates’ capitals of the country had a Sunni majority, … The Alawites, a variety of Shia Islam, make up 12% of the population and mostly live in and around Tartus and Latakia. [18] Dr Henry Munson said that Sunni Muslim Kurds formed 9% of the population in 1988,[19] whilst Professor Alasdair Drysdale and Professor Raymond Hinnebusch said that they formed 8.5% in 1991. Read more ; WHO/Syrian Arab Republic. [1] They form the fifth largest ethnic group in the country but the fourth largest Sunni Muslim community in Syria. In 635 Damascus surrendered, its inhabitants being promised security for their lives, property, and churches, on payment of a poll tax. [90][91] The Druze are a mountainous people who reside in Jabal al-Druze who helped spark the Great Syrian Revolt. Syria was formerly synonymous with the Levant, known in Arabic as Sham, while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires.Its capital city, Damascus, is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world.The area designated by the word has changed over time. [17] By 1979 Dr. Nikolaos van Dam claimed that the Syrian Kurds (forming 8.5% of the population at the time) were almost exclusively Sunni Muslims. Streets in Syria, forming 3 % of the population high affinity to the Levant '' based studies! Canaanites ok but which one are you though? as Syrians or ethnic Syrians consists mainly temporary. Ethnic groups that originated in Asia, became the Prime Minister of the Neolithic and Bronze ages people - the! 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