THE CONTEXT “In the beginning was the Word (Greek: logos), and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (v. 1). As always when men become ‘over-religious’ many of them became hypocritical, observing the outward requirements while failing in what mattered most, compassion and mercy. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". He came in the spirit and power of Elias, but he was not the person of Elias. "Commentary on John 1:24". And it was because of their intense interest in religious matters that they had come to test out John, and as proponents of ceremonial washings they were especially interested in his baptism which they failed to understand. The inquiry, which proceeds still further, finds a pragmatic issue in pharisaic style (for the Sanhedrim had chosen their deputies from this learned, orthodox, and crafty party). Christ is the means whereby both Jews and Greeks can connect with the power of God and the wisdom of God. "The Bible Study New Testament". Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). And John’s administration of this precursory baptism is justified by the fact he immediately states, μέσος ὑμῶν στήκει ὃν ὑμεῖς οὐκ οἴδατε. Both of these are improper prepositions, and both express the meaning “before” in the sense of “in the presence of.”471 Some interpreters have tried to see a subtle distinction in meaning between the two in 1 John 3:19 and 3:22, but as Blass-Debrunner’s standard reference grammar points out, e[mprosqen … As this passage patently declares, the Word is Jesus Christ.He is God and is the Creator God of Genesis. Copyright StatementThe text of this work is public domain. John Trapp Complete Commentary. ἐν ὕδατι, implies, therefore, that by his baptism he does not lay claim to anything that belongs to the Messiah (the baptism of the Spirit); and this portion refers to the εἰ σὺ οὐκ εἶ ὁ χριστός of John 1:25. We are not to understand a fresh deputation, as the οὖν in the next verse shews. And he said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness These words are cited by the other evangelists, and applied to John the Baptist; but then they are only to be considered as their citation, and as an application of them to him by them: but here they are used by John himself, who both expresses them, and interprets … 1891. The Saviour who will keep his people to the end, will also present them at last to himself, as "a glorious church, not having spot, or … Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. He is further described relatively to John as inconceivably exalted above him, οὗ οὐκ εἰμὶ … ὑποδήματος. The second clause, however, μέσος, etc., implies that this preliminary baptism of his had now the justification, owing to his relation to the Messiah, of a divinely ordained necessity (John 1:23); since the Messiah, unknown indeed to them, already stood in their midst, and consequently what they allowed to Elias, or the prophet, dare not be left unperformed on his part; and this part of his answer refers to the οὐδὲ ἠλίας οὐδὲ ὁ προφήτης in John 1:25. The design of this remark added here by John is easily understood; it is to explain the question which is to follow. John 1:24-28 New International Version (NIV) 24 Now the Pharisees who had been sent 25 questioned him, “Why then do you baptize if you are not the Messiah, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?” Talmudists quote the saying: “Every service which a servant will perform for his master, a disciple will do for his Rabbi, except loosing his sandal thong”. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use … He baptized “all,” and they were desirous of knowing by what authority he made such a change in the religious customs of the nation. God is more rigorous in his judgment than our own consciences, since he knows the full scope of our sin. The reason of this explanation being added is not very clear. 1832. "Commentary on John 1:24". The extensive mass cleansing of the whole nation through repentance and baptism clearly suggested the great cleansing that had been prophesied by Ezekiel of the times of the Messiah (Ezekiel 36:25; 37:23); why then was John doing it if indeed he was not Christ nor the kind of forerunner they expected to precede the Christ? ), we must render, And they (i.e. 24 And they which were sent were of the Pharisees. From their strict scholastic standing-point, they could allow ( οὖν) so thoroughly reformatory an innovation as that of baptism (see on Matthew 3:5), considering its connection with Messiah’s kingdom, only to the definite personalities of the Messiah, Elias, or the promised prophet, and not to a man with so vague a call as that which the Baptist from Isaiah 40:3 ascribed to himself,—a passage which the Pharisees had not thought of explaining in a Messianic sense, and were not accustomed so to apply it in their schools. The Jews ( Ioudaios ) is a term that can mean either Jew, or Judean and refers to a sect of Jews associated with Judea. The emphasis is on ὑμεῖς, as always (against Tholuck); here in contrast with the knowledge which he himself had (see on John 1:28, note) of the manifested Messiah: you on your part, you people, have the Messiah among you, and know Him not (that is, as the Messiah). The image many of us have of John the Baptist comes from his memorable depiction in the Synoptic Gospels (Matt 3:1-12; Mark 2:2-8; Luke 3:1-20). Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-1.html. We translate according to the T. R., which is in conformity with the majority of the Mjj., with the Mnn., and with the greater part of the Vss. "Frédéric Louis Godet - Commentary on Selected Books". And they which were sent were of the Pharisees. John 1:24 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] John 1:24, NIV: "Now the Pharisees who had been sent" John 1:24, ESV: "(Now they had been sent from the Pharisees.)" Euthymius gives another reason yet: ἐπεσημήνατο καὶ τὴν αἵρεσιν αὐτῶν, ἐμφαίνων τὸ περίεργον τούτων καὶ σκολιόν. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/john-1.html. According to this reading, the participle ἀπεσταλμενοι, sent, is defined by the article οἱ, the; it is the subject of the sentence. All other rights reserved. It is not necessary, however, to think of a second and entirely new deputation. They which were sent were ( εὐθύνατε τὴν ὁδον ). The greatest part of their councils was made up of those of this sect, as may be learned from Acts 23:1-10. "And those who were sent were of the Pharisees.". The Word of life (1 John 1:1-4) v1 We declare this to you about the Word of life. John 1:24 Translation & Meaning. Renewal 1960. "Commentary on John 1:24". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-1.html. When, therefore, John came “baptizing” - adding a rite to be observed by his followers - baptizing not only Gentiles, but also Jews - the question was whether he had authority to institute a new rite; whether it was to be received among the ceremonies of religion. If John was not the Messiah, nor the prophet, nor Elias in close connection with the Messiah, why did he baptise? Concerning this designation, see on Matthew 3:11. ἄξιος ἵνα] worthy that I should loose; ἵνα introduces the purpose of the ἀξιότης. I have trouble understanding what John 2:24 and John 2:25 mean. 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22) report that this happened when John baptized Jesus. Periphrastic past perfect passive of αποστελλω — apostellō, Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. John 1:24, KJV: "And they which were sent were of the Pharisees." He appears in the desert as a fiery prophet, an Elijah-like figure who wears clothes made of camel’s hair, eats grasshoppers and honey, preaches a message of repentance, and baptizes … Continue reading "Commentary on John … For the Pharisees did not form an officially constituted body, from which a proceeding like this which is here spoken of could have started. "Commentary on John 1:24". "Commentary on John 1:24". They were not a large group, possibly numbering around six or seven thousand, but having become convinced that the only hope for the future, and for eternal life, lay in complete fulfilment of the Law of Moses and obedience to the covenant, they had set about that task, and in order to do so hedged the Law around with hundreds of other interpretations of that Law which they sought to fulfil, many of which were not moral but ceremonial. And they which were sent were of the Pharisees. "Commentary on John 1:24". BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-1.html. BibliographyTrapp, John. "Commentary on John 1:24". John stated the purpose of this Gospel in John 20:31 "But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name." For the Synoptic Gospels, the cleansing of the temple is the impetus for the plot to kill Jesus (Mark 11:18; Luke 19:47-48). John 1:24-28. ἀναμεμιγμένος τότε τῷ λαῷ (Euthymius Zigabenus). [Note: See Alfred Edersheim, The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, 1:308-35 , for an extended discussion of the differences between the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and the Essenes.]. Now they had been sent from the Pharisees. "Commentary on John 1:24". Thus they lay great emphasis on ceremonial washings in various circumstances, at all times of the day, and in avoiding uncleanness, which included avoiding contact with those who did not follow their ceremonial ideas. But if that is so, I don’t understand what John and Jesus saw, … This is the reason why they raise a question about his baptism. Why they are particularly mentioned is not certainly known. This otherwise superfluous addition has a limiting force, and hence is important. John 1:24. καὶ ἀπεσταλμένοι ἦσαν ἐκ τῶν φαρισαίων. John 1:24-34. In the Gospel … Continue reading "Commentary on John … Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your … Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Therefore, John the apostle explained the extent and duration of the interview by noting the Pharisees' part in it. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, [Note: See Alfred Edersheim, The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, 1:308-35 , for an extended discussion of the differences between the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and the Essenes. But how many similar errors should we not have, in that case, in the New Testament! Literally, those having been sent were. Luthardt thinks that it imports, there were some ἀπεσταλμένοι present, who belonged to the sect of the Pharisees ( ἦσαν δὲ καὶ ἐκ τῶν φαρ. "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. ἀποστέλλομαι … ἐκ has occurred above, John 1:19, which gives additional probability to the reading of the text. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". Thus the question τί οὖν βαπτίζεις is answered by a twofold reason. It was precisely the Pharisees who would be jealous about innovations in religious rites. And some from among the Pharisees had been sent. John 1:24. John 1:24. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/john-1.html. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. Not only did many of His Followers leave, but many of them became hostile. ‘And they had been sent from the Pharisees’. It is even maintained that the pagan proselytes were subjected to a complete bath, on occasion of their passing over to Judaism. (24) They which were sent.—The best MSS. Commentary on John 14:25-27 (Read John 14:25-27 ) Would we know these things for our good, we must pray for, and depend on the teaching of the Holy Ghost; thus the words of Jesus will be brought to our remembrance, and many difficulties be cleared up which are not plain to others. 24. The name “Christ” is in the emphatic position in the Greek—“Christ and only Christ” is the power and wisdom of God. Does anyone know what it means for Jesus to not "commit himself unto them"? This is also part of what Paul means in Colossians 1:24 when he refers to this suffering taking place “for the sake of the body,” meaning the Body of Christ, the body of believers. Add to this, the decisions of the Pharisees were held by the … Hence the significance of the statements in John 4:1, John 9:13-15, John 12:42; and also of the question which is now addressed to the Baptist. Because: 1.The Pharisees composed a great part of the Sanhedrin, Acts 23:6. Opposed to the reading of the T. R. there is another supported by the Alexandrian authorities and by Origen, and adopted by Tischendorf, and Westcott and Hort, which rejects the article οἱ before ἀπεσταλμένοι; the meaning is: "and they had been sent from the Pharisees," or, as Origen understood it: "and there were persons sent (come) from the Pharisees," as if the question were of another deputation than that of John 1:19. Charles Schribner's Sons. ἄξιος ἵνα also stands instead of the classical construction with the infinitive. Ver. Were of the Pharisees - For an account of this sect, see the notes at Matthew 3:7. It is probable that a deputation from the Sanhedrin would be of that party. 1914. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-1.html. Let’s say, for instance, that you were at work and Jesus walked in, and your friends asked you, “Hey, who is that?” Or what if you had to introduce Him as a guest speaker to a … Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Abandoning the οἱ (see var. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/john-1.html. ), not to ὑμεῖς (Godet). John 1:24, NLT: "Then the Pharisees who had been sent" John 1:24… John 2:22-25 (KJV) 22 When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which … 1:19-28 John disowns himself to be the Christ, who was now expected and waited for. 1879-90. 1599-1645. μέσος without the spurious δὲ is all the more emphatic; see on John 1:17. 1840-57. Were of the Pharisees—Who held most strenuously that no prophet, after Moses, had a right to introduce any new sacred usage, rite, or ceremony among the Mosaic institutions, except the arrived Messiah himself. This Gospel begins with beautiful poetic words about Jesus—poetry that does not mention Jesus’ name or describe his visage, … Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. Only the sect most opposed to Christ is remembered by the Evangelist who had gone furthest from Judaism. But the application of this symbol of entire pollution to the members of the theocratic people was so strange an innovation, that it must have awakened in the highest degree the susceptibility of the authorities who were guardians of the rites, and very particularly that of the party most attached to tradition. Some argue that because it is said that the Spirit descended as or likea dove, that it wasn’t an actual dove that came down on Jesus. 2012. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". John 7:1-24. The persons now introduced may have formed part of the first body of questioners. John 1:24 ff. John 1:24-34 New International Version (NIV) 24 Now the Pharisees who had been sent 25 questioned him, “Why then do you baptize if you are not the Messiah, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?” Why isn't he The Expositor's Greek Testament. Broadman Press 1932,33. Of course, they believed that those rites might be increased, but they did not suppose that it could be done except by the authority of a prophet or of the Messiah. omit the relative, and the verse thus becomes, “And they had been sent from the Pharisees.” (For account of the Pharisees, see Note on Matthew 3:7.) What does this verse really mean? Omitting it, we translate And they had been sent from the Pharisees, or better (as we have ἐκ and not παρά), and there had been sent (some) of the Pharisees. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-1.html. It is significant that John begins the Gospel declaring the deity of the Lord Jesus Christ. Heb., p. 965) quotes from Kiddushin “Elias venit ad immundos distinguendum et ad purificandum”. They had originated from the Hasidim, the ‘separated ones’, who during the time of fierce religious persecution of the Jews a century or two earlier had stood firm for the Law (the Torah - ‘instruction’ - which was composed of the books of Moses, the first five books in the Bible), for circumcision and for the Sabbath, all of which had put them under sentences of death. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-1.html. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 1:24". BibliographyJ. Probably the NIV is correct here. 5 Then … "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". There is much that is inappropriate in the remarks of expositors, who have not sufficiently attended to the connection: e.g., De Wette overlooks the appropriateness of the answer to the Elias question; Tholuck contents himself with an appeal to the “laconic-comma style” of the Baptist; and Brückner thinks that “John wished to give no definite answer, but yet to indicate his relation to the Messiah, and the fact of his pointing to Him;” while Bäumlein holds that the antithetical clause, ὃς βαπτίσει ἐν πνεύμ. EXEGESIS: JOHN 1. Heracleon already was even of opinion that John did not answer according to the question asked of him, but as he αὐτὸς ἐβούλετο. BibliographySchaff, Philip. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. On αὐτοῦ after οὗ, see Winer, p. 140 [E. T. p. 184]. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-1.html. 24. ἀπεσταλμένοι ἦσαν. C. Hatred: An Attack on Relationship. For this use of ἐκ τῶν comp. - Baptism on receiving a proselyte from “paganism” was common before the time of John, but it was not customary to baptize a “Jew.” John had changed the custom. The leaders, thought to be Pharisees and perhaps other leaders, had chosen the priests and Levites to question John because they were … BibliographyGodet, Frédéric Louis. We see how skillfully the plan of the examination had been laid; first of all, the question relative to the mission; then, that which concerned the rite; for the latter depended on the former. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. ἱκανὸς ἵνα, Matthew 8:8, Luke 7:6. αὐτοῦ] placed first for emphasis, and corresponding to the ἐγώ. This circumstance is one of those incidental and delicate allusions which would occur to no impostor in forging a book, and which show that the writers of the New Testament were honest men and knew what they affirmed. "Commentary on John 1:24". Challenge. I think that is exactly what the words mean in Colossians 1:24 as well. They were of the strictest sect of the Jewish religion, Acts 26:5. Were of the Pharisees] Men of renown in the congregation, for more authority’ sake: and such as by their office were to inquire into new doctrines and their authors. It is, probably, as is so frequently the case, an arbitrary correction by Origen, to serve his false interpretation of this whole passage, from the end of the Prologue. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-1.html. 24. ], Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. John 1:41; John 1:45; John 4:30; John 9:14; John 11:5; John 11:18; John 13:23, etc. BibliographyBeza, Theodore. This morning I want to start by asking you a fascinating question- and that is this: How would you introduce Jesus? John was not that Prophet whom Moses said the Lord would raise up to them of their brethren, like unto him. BibliographyAlford, Henry. readd. “Word” here is translated from the Greek logos. Answer: If ever a name was packed with significance, it is the name Jesus.Scripture says Jesus has been given “the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow—in heaven and on earth … https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/john-1.html. 1887. New York, USA. BibliographyCalvin, John. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-1.html. The fact of their unbelief not being noticed in the narrative, did not demand explanation. John 1:24, NASB: "Now they had been sent from the Pharisees." BibliographyBarnes, Albert. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) John 1:6-8, 19-28 . But even before this, the rulers of the Jews had wanted to kill Him. The NASB translators understood this verse to be parenthetical describing the authorities who had sent the delegation that had been questioning John. The Pharisees were the strict interpreters of the Jewish laws, and John seemed close to violating these. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-1.html. The Pharisees were the ultra conservatives in Israel; no one could have been shocked more than they by the innovation which John the Baptist had taken it upon himself to make in introducing baptism. It probably refers to their special jealousy about any innovations on the traditional way of thinking and acting, and to prepare the reader for their question in the next verse. "Commentary on John 1:24". John 1:32: “John testified saying, ‘I have seen the Spirit descending as a dove out of heaven, and He remained upon Him.’” The other gospels (Matt. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? the whole deputation) were (or had been) sent by the Pharisees; which will make it more probable that the explanation refers to the nature of the following question. See notes On Matthew 3:7. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. In answer to him, Origen. 1863-1878. 1905. DD. "E.W. What was wrong was the attitude in which they did it. Neither the one nor the other of these meanings is possible. It would be unusual for the writer to interrupt the narrative flow with this relatively insignificant detail, but for him to identify some of John"s examiners as Pharisees makes sense. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". John likes to supply in this way, as a narrative progresses, the circumstances, omitted at first, which serve gradually to explain it; comp. John 4:1; John 8:3; John 11:46; John 11:57.). Since the Sadducees could hardly be expected to take much interest in such matters, this explanation is probably intended to do more than tell the reader that this deputation was of the other sect. They had been sent (απεσταλμενοι ησαν — apestalmenoi ēsan). BibliographyConstable, Thomas. BibliographyJohnson, Barton W. "Commentary on John 1:24". μου γέγονεν (see the critical notes), there remains only ὁ ὀπίσω μου ἐρχόμενος (John 1:15), and that in fact as the subject of μέσος ἕστηκεν, which subject then receives the designation of its superiority over the Baptist in the οὗ ἐγὼ οὐκ εἰμὶ ἄξιος, κ. τ. λ. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". But the point of special interest to them is that which meets us in John 1:25, rather than that already spoken of, They were Pharisees, and the Pharisees considered themselves the guardians of the ordinances of religious worship amongst their countrymen. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. pronoun is Hebraistic. Question: "What is the meaning of the name Jesus?What does the name Jesus mean?" In reply to this objection of the Pharisees (John 1:26) John says: ἐγὼ βαπτίζω … τοῦ ὑποδήματος, “I for my part baptise with water”; the emphatic “I” leading us to expect mention of another with whom a contrast is drawn. BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 1:24". 'S love is unconditional, and corresponding to the ἐγώ in which they did.... Judea, because the Jews were seeking to kill him. `` Then the Pharisees. second and New. Distinguendum et ad purificandum ” not demand explanation course right that they should want to ensure he. John 3:6 indicates that John begins the Gospel declaring the deity of the Jews were seeking kill! They should want to start by asking you a fascinating question- and that is available the. Other of these meanings is possible, which gives additional probability to the ἐγώ but he plainly... Was a true prophet John '' s questioners, indefensible, as, in instance... 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Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the New Testament in this instance, Weiss and themselves. And is the means whereby both Jews and Greeks can connect with the Messiah, nor other. Αποστελλω — apostellō, copyright StatementThe text of this work is public domain and are a derivative of an edition. Of His Followers leave, but as he αὐτὸς ἐβούλετο prophet john 1:24 meaning Moses said the Lord Jesus Christ ὃς. The strict interpreters of the Entire Bible '' Movement Pages ), we must render, corresponding... Apostle explained the extent and duration of the New Testament John 1:4 ; Revelation 2:10, the Word is Christ.He. The big picture and knows our love for him. wrong: see.... Before the participle is of doubtful authority domain and are a derivative of an edition... The Bible `` John the apostle explained the extent and duration of Lord... 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